Original article published only in Chinese
Below is a machine-translated version
Xiangshan County has a long history. It has been established since the Southern Song Dynasty. The main areas include Zhongshan City, Zhuhai City and Macao Special Administrative Region. It is an important part of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macau. Since the 19th century, before the modernization of the modern era, Xiangshan has created a group of historical figures closely related to the social changes in modern China. Tang Tingshu of the Tang Baochen family is one of the important representatives.
Tang Tingshu (1832-1892), when the word was built, No. Jingxing, was born on May 19, 1832 in Tangjia Village, Xiangshan County, Guangdong Province (now Tangjiawan Town, Zhuhai City). He is a Chinese who received Western education earlier. He is a famous comprador in modern times and one of the representative figures of the Westernization Movement. He is also a foreign trade businesswoman, the father of Chinese national insurance, railway locomotives and cement industry.
Tang Tingshu, the father of Tang Tingshu, was an employee of Macao in his early years. He sent three sons, Tang Tinggui, Tang Tingshu and Tang Tingeng, to the Morrison School. Therefore, Tang Tingshu accepted western education in Macao and Hong Kong, and learned Chinese language and Chinese traditional culture knowledge. At the same time, he had a preliminary understanding and understanding of modern science and technology and industry.
From 1850 to 1861, Tang Tingshu served as a translator at the Hong Kong Government and Shanghai Customs. With the help of his brother and his younger brother, Tang Tingshu compiled the Chinese-English dictionary “English Collection” to record some phenomena in the 19th century Chinese and Western society. This is the earliest Chinese-English dictionary named after “English”, and it is also a cultural text compatible with Chinese and Western.
After leaving the Customs and Excise Department, Tang Tingshu began to represent Yihe Yangxing in the Yangtze River Basin. Due to his excellent commercial performance, in 1863, he became a comprador of Shanghai Yihe Foreign Bank until his departure in 1873. In his ten-year career, in addition to the money for the manager of Jardine Matheson, the acquisition of silk tea, the handling of shipping, the transportation and marketing of rice salt, etc., Tang Tingshu is not humble, he is patriotic and worried about the country, and has a strategic vision to continuously expand his business activities. In the future, the creation of Chinese national industry and commerce has laid a solid foundation for economic, technological and management.
In 1873, Tang Tingshu was appreciative of Li Hongzhang and appointed as the General Office of the Steamship Investment Promotion Bureau, which opened a new chapter in China’s shipping industry. He re-imagined the “Russian Merchants Charter”, absorbed capital at home and abroad, and merged foreign companies to seize the right to benefit, making the China Merchants Group the first Chinese company to compete with foreign capital and win business wars. This has enabled the China Merchants Bank’s business to expand and strengthen its strength, which has promoted the development of China’s national capital to a certain extent, and also prompted Tang Tingshu to change from a foreign bank to a national capitalist.
In order to meet the energy demand of foreign-funded enterprises, in 1876, appointed by Li Hongzhang, Tang Tingshu went to Kaiping Kaiping to explore coal-iron mines. In 1878, he founded the Kaiping Mining Bureau and served as the general office until his death in 1892.
Tang Tingshu advocated “following its law, purchasing its own machine, and using its people” to build its own industrial system and formulate a set of rules and regulations for modern enterprise management.
The Kaiping Mining Bureau built the first mine Tangshan Mine, which is also the first mechanized coal mine in China. Since then, in order to increase coal transportation volume and reduce transportation costs, Tang Tingshu has also invested in the construction of China’s first standard gauge railway, the “Tangyu Railway”.
Later, in 1887, the Linxi Coal Mine was built. In 1888, the Kaiping Transportation Fleet was formed. In 1890, the first cement factory in China was founded. Tangshan Fine Mound Factory… The excellent leadership of Tang Tingshu made the Kaiping Mining Bureau a huge Success has promoted the industrialization process of Tangshan and the construction and development of Tangshan city, as well as the process of modernization of Chinese industry.
In 1892, Tang Tingshu died in Tianjin at the age of 61. His life was short and stirring, and he was in the late Qing society with internal and external troubles and turbulent weather. He created many firsts in China and assumed the heavy responsibility of saving the country by industry. Together with Li Hongzhang, Zeng Guofan, Zhang Zhidong and other important Chinese figures, he is China. The rise of the team contributes its strength.
Tang Tingshu is a representative of China’s modern and modern people who are patriotic, pragmatic, innovative and open-minded. They are honest, diligent, loyal and profitable, and loyal to the country. This is the connotation of Xiangshan culture and the core driving force for the development of Dawan District in Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao in the new era.