Original article published only in Chinese
Below is a machine-translated version
Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao are geographically close, culturally homogenous, and harmonious. They have been an important administrative division of China since ancient times. They are particularly evident in modern times, leading the new direction of China’s economy, politics, ideology and talents. The Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao people represented by Tang Tingshu are boldly innovating and pioneering, and are committed to promoting the development of China, Hong Kong and Macao.
Tang Tingshu, who was born in Xiangshan, Guangdong Province, was born in Hong Kong, Hong Kong, and was active in Hong Kong, Shanghai, Tianjin, Tangshan and other places. The places where he studies and works are the places where China’s foreign exchange and business are active. Xiaotong China and the West played an irreplaceable role in the process of modernization in China.
Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao were the earliest areas of contact with English-speaking countries such as the United Kingdom and the United States. By the 19th century, English had become the main language of exchanges between Chinese and foreign people in the coastal areas of Guangdong. In 1841, only 11-year-old Tang Tingshu entered the Morrison School. As the cradle of modern Chinese education, Morrison School has implemented bilingual education and taught students in accordance with their aptitude. In the short course of 11 years, they have trained a number of important new talents.
In 1862, Tang Tingshu completed the compilation of this book with the help of his brothers Tang Tinggui and Tang Tinggeng and published it in Guangzhou. At the beginning, it was named “Hua Ying Yin Shi”, and was renamed “English Collection” at the time of publication. This book not only has high academic value, but also is the earliest extant Chinese-English bilingual dictionary named after “English”. It is the largest and most complete in the early Chinese-English dictionary compiled by Chinese. “English Collection” consists of six volumes and six volumes, consisting of preface, reading, word-cutting and text. The text uses Chinese characters to set up tens of thousands of words, words, phrases, sentences, etc., and faithfully records the phenomena of Chinese and Western society in the 19th century, including the politics, economy, history, culture of Chinese traditional society, and the modern society of the West. New things, new technologies, new ideas, and new ideas reflect the similarities and differences in the material, spiritual, and cultural aspects of traditional Chinese society and Western modern society, and effectively promote the spread, development, and popularization of English in China.
During the late Qing Dynasty, China’s military and civilian industries developed rapidly, and the demand for cement increased sharply. In 1883, China’s first cement plant was born, namely the Qingzhou Cement Plant in Macau (also known as the Qingzhou Yingxi Factory), which was hailed as the originator of China’s cement industry. The factory is located in the former Sanctuary St. Joseph’s Monastery in the southeast of Green Island, Macau. The cement produced is of excellent quality and is comparable to British brand-name cement, making it famous throughout the East. According to the information of the Macao Civic and Municipal Affairs Bureau, the factory was originally founded by Chinese businessman Yu Ruiyun. In 1886, it was sold to American businessmen, and in 1891 it was easy to lead the British business. In the 1920s, the Guangdong government restricted the import of stone from Zhaoqing, Yingde and other places into Macao, which led to a shortage of raw materials in the Qingzhou Cement Plant in Macau. It eventually went bankrupt in 1936 and moved to Hong Kong for development.
According to Professor Jin Guoping from the Macao Studies Center of Jinan University, Tang Tingshu borrowed the opportunity of returning to Xiangxiang (Xiangshan Tangjia) to visit Qingzhou Cement Factory in 1887. After returning to the Kaiping Mining Bureau of Tangshan, he immediately sent the limestone produced by Tangshan Coal Mine and the Lihe Tan mud of Xiangshan County to the Qingzhou Cement Plant in Macau for firing. After the trial burn was successful, the raw materials were sent to the UK for trial burning and testing several times. The results prove that the Tangshan limestone and Xiangshan County Lihe Tan mud can be used to burn better cement.
In 1889, Tangshan Fine Mulch Factory was founded, and Tang Tingshu became the founder of the cement industry in mainland China. The plant is the first cement plant in mainland China and is the first of its kind in China. It is known as the cradle of China’s cement industry. However, the Tangshan fine-soil factory was unsuccessful due to backwardness, and the cost of raw materials transportation was high, and it had to be closed in 1893.
In 1906, the factory was re-established. In 1907, it was renamed as “Tangshan Qixinyang Ash Co., Ltd.”, and the cement produced quickly developed into an internationally renowned brand. Qixin Cement Factory is now renamed as “Tangshan Qidong Qixin Cement Co., Ltd.” with an annual output of 170 million tons of cement. It is the third largest cement company in China and the fifth largest in the world, contributing to China’s modernization cause. . Under the contact of Tang Tingshu, the Qingzhou Cement Plant in Macau unintentionally promoted the advent of China Cement and promoted the development of China’s cement industry, which in turn promoted the modernization process in China.